A Handbook of World Trade: A Strategic Guide to Trading Internationally

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Learn how to become a customs broker. Selling or purchasing goods overseas involves one or more modes of transportation, numerous types of documents and paperwork, and needs deep knowledge on the global trade and transportation. Learn how using freight forwarders can help your export-import business.

An alternative approach to direct exporting through the use of an export management company EMC. Learn how to use an export intermediary as your export department. International trading is acting as a middleman between the two entities located in different countries. Learn how to start your own international trading business right from your home.

One of the most profitable home venture you can start is an international trading business. Read everything you need to know about starting this business — from selecting your product, researching and collecting data, to making your first contact. Want to succeed online and increase the sales of your online store? Search this website Send this to a friend. You don't want to undercharge your client so that you can't cover your expenses and make a profit, but you don't want to overcharge and reduce the competitiveness of your company and the merchandise you represent.

Normally, you choose one method or the other based on how salable you feel the product is. If you think it's an easy sell, you'll want to work on the commission method. If you feel it's going to be an upstream swim, difficult to sell and require a lot of market research, you'll ask for a retainer. A third method is to purchase the product outright and sell it abroad. This is a common scenario when you're dealing with manufacturers who would rather use you as a distributor than as a representative. You'll still market the product under the manufacturer's name, but your income will come from the profit generated by sales rather than by commission.

These fees are based on the product cost from the manufacturer. To come up with the final price, you'll need to add other costs to this figure: any special marking or packaging, shipping, insurance and any representative or distributor commissions that you'll pay to others in the trade channel, which we'll go over a little later. Once you've arrived at a final price, you'll check it against your competitors' prices you did do your market research, right?

If your product's price is comparatively low, you can bump up your commission percentage. If the manufacturer can't discount her price sufficiently or if you feel that the product will be a tough sell, you'll want to ask for a flat retainer the monetary kind, not the dental appliance kind. You'll pass all the costs of market research along to the manufacturer. By taking a retainer, you guarantee yourself a set income rather than one tied by commission to a "problem" product. To determine what your retainer should be, you'll need to consider three variables associated with the performance of your services:.

What you will be doing during your peak hours and beyond will depend upon how you've structured your services.

The Challenges Facing the Multilateral Trading System in Addressing Global Public Policy Objectives

Some traders act only as sales representatives, finding buyers and taking commissions, but steer clear of the shipping, documentation and financing aspects of the deal. Others are happier offering a full line of services, buying directly from the manufacturer and taking on all the responsibilities of transactions from shipping to marketing. These traders often specialize in either import or export and stick to the merchandise industry they know best. No matter how exotic you want to get, your most basic tasks will be obtaining merchandise, selling it, transporting it and getting paid for it.

OK, exporter--you've found a buyer for your merchandise. You're a player. You're ready to roll. So now what do you do? Follow the export path:. OK, importer.

Creative and cultural: international trade regulations

You've found the merchandise you want to buy and then resell. Follow the import path:. What does a trader's day really look like? What does he do in between preparing pro forma invoices, requests for letters of credit and shipping documents? Here's a behind-the-scenes peek, courtesy of Michael R.

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A trader isn't always at home behind his desk. What does he do when he's out on the road? Here's another behind-the-scenes peek, courtesy of Jan H. Note that Jan's day, in typical European fashion, evolves through a hour clock, or what we think of as military time. Day in Belgium: Pick up French customer at hotel, have cocktails and dinner, more negotiations.

Day on the road in Germany: Success in one of these arenas will contribute to your success in another. Once you've established a favorable sales record with one client's goods, you'll have a track record with which to entice other clients.

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And, of course, each success will contribute to your own self-confidence, which will, in turn, lend that air of confidence to your negotiations with new prospects. A surprisingly small percentage of domestic producers export their wares. So your marketing goal is to convince the huge remainder that they can increase profits by exporting--with your guidance--to specific target countries. You can accomplish this with direct mail and cold calls.

If you're starting with imports, don't ignore this section--you'll work in basically the same manner.

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Before you initiate contact with any manufacturer, you'll need to do some basic market research:. Now you're ready to begin your direct-mail campaign. Choose one manufacturer of one of the products you've researched. Then call the company and ask for the name of the person to whom you'll want to write. If the company is small, you'll probably want the president or owner. If it's a larger concern, you might want to direct your letter to the vice president in charge of sales, the sales manager or the president or owner.

Once your first letter is in the mail, sit down and write another to a potential client in another product line. And then another, until you've exhausted your first set of preliminary market research products. Now wait a week or 10 days. If you haven't heard from your first target manufacturer, give him a call.

Ask to set up a meeting in his office to discuss your plan. Then call the next manufacturer and the next. If you're not familiar with sales, you may find this portion of the program a white-knuckler. Don't be nervous! You're offering these people a terrific opportunity. Not everyone is going to bite not everyone can recognize a great deal when it jumps up and grabs them , but not everyone is going to turn you down, either.

A no thank you now and then is part of the game. Cold-calling, so-called because you call a potential client "cold" without any warming up by prior contact, is an alternative to the direct-mail approach. The good news is that, if you're calling locally, it's usually cheaper than direct mail. The bad news is that it requires much more perseverance to be effective.

The other good news, however, is that, done properly, a cold call can be much more effective than direct mail. Before you make your first call, be sure you know what you want to say and how you want to say it. Some experts recommend writing out a sort of "script" that you can follow during the course of your call.

This is a good starting-off exercise to help plan your spiel, but be aware of the fact that following a script has its drawbacks. The main one is that the person you're calling doesn't know he's supposed to be following the script, too, and when he gets off track, so do you. You've located foreign manufacturers or suppliers whose products have U. Now you have to sell them on the idea of entering the U. How do you do this? Basically, the same way you'll pitch domestic manufacturers, with a direct-mail campaign. Only in this case, you'll do better to think of it as a direct fax letter.

Although many traders rely on international mail, unless you're sending to regions or countries with highly developed infrastructures, such as Canada or Western Europe, you'll be much more assured of your missive reaching its destination if you send it by fax. In your letter, outline the various opportunities available in the United States for the product and highlight that you'll handle all import logistics with little cost to the manufacturer. It's very similar to the export letter, with two exceptions:.

Follow up in a few days with another fax. Think of the follow-up as a firm but gentle nudge, an opportunity to strengthen your position and demonstrate real interest in importing the merchandise. Remember that part of your task is to convince the potential client that your company is the best one for the job, so you have to supply a reason for this.

If you can't claim that you're experienced in interior design or mulch or whatever sales in the United States and Europe or wherever , then come up with something else. Maybe you're only experienced in the United States so far. That's fine!

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  6. That's where you'll be selling. Maybe you're not experienced yet, but you've done a great deal of research. Fill that in instead. Use your creativity! Whether you're planning on exporting or importing, be prepared to present your prospective client with a marketing plan. If the manufacturer is close to home, you'll naturally present it in person. If she's overseas, you may still have to make that get to arrange a personal visit to close the deal. If you feel strongly enough about the product's U.

    To prepare your marketing plan, you'll need the information you've already asked for: pricing, product brochures or literature, and samples.

    Methods of Payment in International Trade for Export & Import (2018)

    If your prospect balks at supplying these materials, tell her that you'll need them to further explore the market potential and develop a presentation for her, outlining the market strategy you plan to pursue. Once you have the materials in your office, sit down and figure out every possible expense you'll have so you can arrive at your sales price.

    sioticduipub.tk Then, if you've already been in contact with distributors or representatives, find out if this price will sell in their market. If you don't have any representatives yet, you'll need to locate one and determine if he can work with that price.

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